Mais de meio século da investigação de malária no IHMT

  • Ana Paula Arez UEIPM/GHTM/IHMT/UNL UEI Parasitologia Médica, GHTM, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade Nova de Lisboa.
  • Henrique Silveira UEIPM/GHTM/IHMT/UNL UEI Parasitologia Médica, GHTM, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade Nova de Lisboa
  • Fátima Nogueira UEIPM/GHTM/IHMT/UNL UEI Parasitologia Médica, GHTM, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Palavras-chave: Malária, IHMT, resistência aos antimaláricos, interação parasitahospedeiro, interação parasitavector

Resumo

A malária é uma infeção parasitária transmitida por mosquitos do género Anopheles. Cinco espécies do género Plasmodium causam doença em seres humanos: P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale, P. knowlesi e P. falciparum sendo o último, aquele que causa maior mortalidade e morbilidade. Durante as décadas de 1950 e 1960, acreditava-se ser possível a erradicação global da malária, mas os programas de erradicação implementados falharam sucessivamente, exceto na Europa onde, durante a década de1970 foi possível declarar erradicada a doença. Como consequência da presença histórica de Portugal em áreas endémicas de malária e devido ao facto de que a malária foi também um problema de saúde em Portugal continental, cientistas portugueses nomeadamente do IHMT, tiveram um papel muito relevante no estudo e controle da malária. O IHMT manteve uma monitorização regular da doença a partir de 1950 em diante, principalmente em Angola, Moçambique e São Tomé e Príncipe. Com fim do domínio colonial e a criação do CMDT em 1992, o estudo da malária no IHMT tornase mais orientado para a investigação e menos para o controle.

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Publicado
2018-09-02
Secção
Artigos Originais